Donor sperm may be used as part of either insemination (IUI) treatments or IVF (in vitro fertilization) treatments.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) with donor sperm is a form of assisted conception treatment that involves the injection of frozen and then thawed sperm into the womb at the right time as an egg is released (ovulation).
In-vitro fertilization is a form of treatment that involves inseminating frozen and then thawed sperm around a woman’s eggs in the IVF laboratory. Intrauterine insemination requires at least one healthy fallopian tube. For couples undergoing donor egg treatment or where the female partner does not have at least one healthy fallopian tube, IVF treatment with donor sperm is recommended.